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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  August 31, 2012 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, shell, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of
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energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> roman abramovich one. the owner of chelsea football club wins a big victory in the battle of russia's billionaires'. a bitter blow for exiled tycoon boris berezovsky as a london judge dismisses his lawsuit and described him as inherently unreliable .
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welcome to gmt. also in the program, mitt romney makes his pitch to america at the republican convention. do americans like what they see? raging wildfires threaten one of spain's's most popular coastlines. will hear from one resident forced to flee the place. london, 7:00 a.m. in florida, 3:00 in the afternoon in moscow where president vladimir putin may have allowed himself a smile when news broke little more than an hour ago that one of his harshest critics, exiled russian oligarch boris berezovsky, lost his legal battle with another russian billionaire, roman abramovich, the owner of chelsea football club. boris berezovsky was suing the
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man for $5 billion, claiming that he was blackmailed and intimidated out of his rightful share in the russian energy company in the 1990's. our correspondent in moscow has been following this class of the oligarchs. daniel is joining me now. >> billions of dollars were at stake. boris berezovsky claimed that he and a friend owns half of a large oil company which was the fifth largest oil company in russia and was eventually sold back to the state. british court decided that although he had played an important role, he did not own any of that. boris berezovsky was once one of the most influential men in russia accustomed to private jets and palaces in the south of france. roman abramovich, one of the elite billionaires', the oligarchs, who made huge
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portion in russia in the 1990's after communism collapsed -- a huge fortune. in the last years of the soviet union, the was a mechanic, working at construction office #122. although he was in fact already and a budding entrepreneur or. his specialty was plastic toys. his first factory still stands to this day in moscow, thousands of miles from the glamour of chelsea football club. boris berezovsky was a mathematics and computer expert at this research institute. he was about to become a second- hand car salesman. a man of unlimited ambition, boris berezovsky soon is the owner of thbi roman abramovich wants to purchase a big slice of the country's oil wealth from the
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russian government at a knockdown price. boris berezovsky was the man to help. this is how the minister in charge of the privatization remembers his role? >> the man approached me who said that he could facilitate the privatization of the big oil company. why would i turn him down? i helped him and i believe i helped the state. >> boris berezovsky's board was pavement of $50 million a year or more. the says they were dividends on its share of the oil company. roman abramovich says there were just pavements to political services -- for political services. under vladimir putin, boris berezovsky lost influence and then fled the country. he had a final statement of over $1 billion and he felt that was not enough, as a return to the british courts asking for more. >> very clear in that report
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that this dispute goes back to the carving up of the russian economy in the 1990's. doesn't have implications for the russia of today? >> russia is a very different place now. i don't think anyone would be a book to get rich in the way that roman abramovich was able to back then. getting caught up in a web of corruption so much now that it's difficult for them to get their foot on the bottom of the latter -- ladder. roman abramovich is still in favor with the kremlin. he is tolerated, at least, if not more, by vladimir putin. he is expected to play a role in the world cup in 2018. boris berezovsky is regarded as a traitor who turned his back on vladimir putin. they tried to expedite them from britain to bring him to russia to stand trial. he's one of the most serious
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enemies of the current political establishment in russia. although they not commented publicly on this case, they will be pleased that he lost and probably a little pleased that roman abramovich won. >> thanks for joining us. america deserves better. those are three words which mitt romney hopes will reignite his presidential campaign after his keynote address at the republican party convention in florida. the most important speech of his political life was watched by millions across america with opinion polls suggesting the race for the white house is extraordinarily tight. steve kingston has this report from tampa. >> thank you so much. >> a businessman turned politician promising to turn this country around. with millions watching mitt romney and home, he called for the sales pitch of his life.
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>> many americans have given up on this president, but they have never thought about giving up on themselves and not on each other and not on america. what is needed in our country today is not complicated or profound. it does not take a special government commission to tell us what america needs. what america needs is jobs, lots of jobs. >> as ever, he looked the part. but this is really about the challenge of finding his voice, articulating why he believes america needs a change of direction. >> i wish to president obama had succeeded, because i want america to succeed. [applause] but his promises gave way to disappointment and division. now's the moment where we can stand up and say i am an american, i make my destiny, we deserve better, if my children deserve better, if my family deserves better, country deserves better. >> at times it got the personal,
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when this normally reserved man opens up about faith and family. >> every day, dad gave mamma arose which he put on her bedside table. that's how she found out what happened on the day my father died. she went looking for him because that morning there was no rose. my mom and dad to it were true partners. >> in the closing arguments, that barack obama has bowed to america opposing enemies, adding trillions to the debt and failed the middle class. >> my promises to help you and your family. [applause] that future is our destiny. that future is out there. it is waiting for us. our children deserve it. our nation depends on it. the peace and freedom of the world require it. with your help we will deliver it. let us begin that future for america tonight. >> a rousing reception for a man
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who took a long time to steal the nomination. the party appears to be coming together, energized and believing it can win. steve kingston, bbc news, tampa. >> breaking news, you may remember our top story, the decision by a london court finding against the russian exiled tycoon boris berezovsky in his legal battle against roman abramovich. now we can go over to the outside of the court in london where he is addressing the media. >> a position to give it up to putin cronies. common knowledge all over the world that i did not sell it
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under my own will. i was under pressure even as i left russia for political asylum. putin attempted to control mass media. putin [unintelligible] >> do you regret [unintelligible] ? >> i don't. i don't regret anything that happened. when i came to court today are prepared [unintelligible] democracy is bad, but there's
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nothing better. for me, i was absolutely shocked. i did not expect this. life is life. now i know the english court better than before. even when i lost some cases before, i was satisfied, because i was explained -- >> we have been listening to boris berezovsky, who has just emerged from the court where he received a bitter blow. the judge ruled against him in his lawsuit against his fellow russian billionaire roman abramovich. they're putting on a brave face, but clearly a man desperately disappointed, not least because the judge said much of his evidence was inherently
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unreliable. a real defeat for boris berezovsky, one of the main exiled enemies of vladimir putin. still a very vocal critic of vladimir putin but today suffering a very serious legal reverse. spain, about 4000 people have been evacuated from their homes as a wildfire helped by strong winds spread rapidly and through hills around a tourist city of marbella. spain's costa del sol is one of the most popular holiday destinations and has a large british expatriate community. kimberly scott was forced to flee her holiday home. she joins me now telephone. i gather that you were forced to leave your home overnight. tell me exactly what happened. >> yes, the fire started around 9:00, but the wind seemed to drop. we thought we were safe at the time. around 11:30 the wind got a lot stronger and the fire started to
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come toward our appointment -- apartment because we do not feel safe anymore to stay. >> i believe you have been allowed to go back to your apartment. if you look around the area and watched the local news, is the fire is still a grave threat? >> at this moment from the complex that we are on, it's ok, but the landscape is completely burnt. there is still ash and some of the land is still smoldering. i don't know if it could catch on fire again if the wind picks up. but at the moment we are not under grave danger where we are. >> is this the worst wildfire that you have seen? >> yes, because last year at this time we had a similar fire. but this is far more severe and it seems to have affected far more people this time as well. so i would say it was the worst that we have seen.
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>> kimberly, i wish you very good luck. i do hope that those flames don't approach your particular building. >> thank you very much. >> still ahead, she missed out on london's paralympics election, but there's much more to ann than her athletic exploits. more than 50 people have been rescued after a boat packed with migrants sank off the coast of indonesia on wednesday. the 180 people were thought to of been on board. refugees seeking asylum in australia, often set sail in overcrowded boats. >> when news came through the latest loss at sea, this trillion promised to julia gillard was in the cook islands discussing asylum seekers. it is a regional problem. most of them want to come to australia. the rescue operation could not
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find them at first. when they were discovered, it was too late for most. australia's home affairs minister of said finding these vessels is extremely hard. >> it's very hard to find people that are in distress on a little wooden boats in the middle of the water or anywhere between christmas island and the coast of indonesia. >> indonesia says they want to stop the boats, but once they reach open waters they don't have the resources to do so. the 300 asylum seekers have drowned trying to reach us trillion -- breach australian soil in the past months. instead of using christmas island to the northwest, they will be moved to the northeast where they will mokes likely spend months. the government wants to make life difficult to deter the boats. but the government owes the opponents feel swapping islands is not enough. >> my message to julia gillard
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is she needs to do more. you need to put in place the full sweep of the howard government measures if you want to get the howard government results that stopped the boats. >> many people in australia think it's inhumane to send asylum seekers to faraway pacific islands. but that's the policy and everyone is waiting to see if the people smugglers will be deterred and people's lives saved. this is gmt from bbc world news. the headlines, the russian tycoon boris berezovsky has lost his court battle in london with the billionaire owner of chelsea football club roman abramovich. mitt romney steps -- sets out his vision for the u.s. as the accept the republican presidential nomination. -- as he accepts the
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presidential nomination. there are many eyes on germany today in business news. there's an unexpected strike of lufthansa causing chaos in frankfurt. >> something like 150 flights have been affected by. one of the reasons it has been so damaging is very short notice, only six hours of notice before the actual strike. the fundamental reasons for the strikes are that lufthansa is time to cut down costs because it wants to build to compete with budget airlines and the least tern and asian airlines. it has a very heavy staff cost which is embedded in a long- term union agreements, the contracts they have. they are trying to whittle these down. not surprisingly, the unions are trying to defend them. at the moment, at stake is a deal where the unions are asking for 5% pay raise and lufthansa has offered 3.5%. it is a very fundamental strike.
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it defines or will define how this airline or possibly the industry over the next decade or so will progress and whether it will succeed in holding its own against the cheap budget airlines. on this particular deal, this is what they told us from lufthansa. >> our flight attendants are some of the best worldwide and they get better paid as comparable flight attendants from other european airlines. we offered them an increase of their pavement after three years. but we don't understand them going on strike and customers are affected by this. >> that was the lufthansa spokesman. we have a very difficult economic situation. >> we have new growth figures from india, well over 5% annual growth. that would be a cause for celebration in europe. how is it being perceived?
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>> where you have millions of people coming into the work force every year in india, you need to have that kind of growth to keep people employed. 5.5% is not enough. it needs to be over 7%. 5.5% is a little more than people expected, but there seems to be stagnation going on in india. it's not just due to the global economic slowdown. there's a lot of economic reforms not going through. problems with inflation. the european central bank wants to bring down inflation, but it has to keep interest rates up. and that is stymieing growth. it's a real problem. we spoke with a correspondent in mumbai and. >> if you look at the figures released today, although there is a marginal improvement, it still remains at 0.2%, which means it is still falling. the sector is facing a number of problems like the rising cost of materials, higher labor
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wages, and uncertainty from the government side that's rendering companies incapable of planning for long-term. >> political uncertainty. that's key. that's the kind of malaise hanging over india at the moment. there seems to be no way of unlocking that. >> thank you very much. a pakistani court has ordered a christian girl accused of blasphemy to be held in prison if another fortnight. police said they wanted more time to investigate the allegations against the girl who is said to be mentally impaired. she was arrested after moslem neighbor accused her burning pages of chronic versus -- pages of the cquran. >> entering the court is the christian girl whose case has caused concern around the world. there was tight security for the brief hearing which extended her
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detention for two more weeks. then she was led back to the prison.-- doctors say she is 14 with a mental age of less than that. human rights groups say better treatment is barbaric and inhumane. her lawyers have been trying to get her out on bail. she hopes that -- but will she will be released at a hearing tomorrow. rimsha's case will be back in court on saturday. until then to remains in a maximum-security prison where according to her father she is completely traumatized. he has released a letter to a campaign organization saying that his word for life and the whole family is in grave danger. he has appealed to pakistan's president zardari to pardon his daughter. if she is released, chances are she will not dare return to her poor district at the edge of
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islamabad. christian neighbors worry about what might happen to them if she did. >> people are afraid there might be trouble, like house is being burned and women and children being attacked. >> the neighborhood is peaceful now. but an angry mob threatened to burn the girl alive when she was accused of blasphemy. the local muslim cleric told us he would not able to control the area if she returned. >> the people here were so nice before, but if she comes back they might change. maybe they would leave her alone and maybe they will kill her. >> her home is abandoned now. her family is in hiding. even if she is released, campaigners fear that she will not be safe in pakistan. bbc news, islamabad.
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>> it is the first day of athletics at the olympic stadium in the london paralympic games. ukraine has already secured a gold medal in the women's discus,. metals are up for grabs in other sports as well, including swimming, track, cycling, and shooting. china is currently at the top of the medals count. the chinese team collected six gold medals on the opening day. australia is in second place, having won a gold medal. host nation britain has dropped down to fifth place. joining me now from the olympic park is a wheelchair athlete and humanitarian campaigner named ann. i want to focus on your challenge over the next few days. how has your training been going and when will you get on the tract? >> the training is going really well. i'm not competing this year, but i am supporting many athletes from africa. i'm working with a young girl from congo who was injured in a
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landmine. it is exciting. >> it is exciting and difficult for you. you have missed qualification. in beijing you came very close. is it very difficult to keep the motivation going for the training? as an athlete, you have to be prepared to put it in every day to keep up that level of performance. >> because we are high- performing athletes, we trained in and out of season. like still goes on. if you don't make a certain team, it does not mean that you quit. you get motivated to even work harder. >> a lot of people around the world will be watching the track events over the next few days if. there may be a question in their minds, does the technology with the development of the very fast wheelchair's make a difference for the athletes? are all the athletes provided
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with the same wheelchair technology or does it differ nation by nation? >> the chair is made for that specific athlete. unfortunately, there is no fairness when it comes to using this equipment. many athletes from the developing countries use may be very old fashioned wheelchair's, which are different. so it does not put them on an even playing field. but there's still lot of talent out there in africa and they are trying to compete with what. they've what >> you talk about the talent in africa. examplee said it's an of the much greater resources that can be put into a sport for those with disabilities as well in the rich world. >> i think the rich world, they
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are definitely getting a better deal than disabled athletes from africa. i am hoping that when the gains are gone, for example, the athletes will be more recognized and get more. more >> thanks for joining us on gmt. we have to leave it there. that's the end of today'
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